Periodontal Maintenance at Dentist in Wichita, KS
Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums. There are many different types of periodontal diseases and each has a different treatment option. A proper home oral care routine of brushing and flossing prevents most periodontal diseases.
Why is Oral Hygiene So Important?
Three out of four adults will be affected by gum diseases in their lifetime. In fact, adults over 35 lose more teeth to periodontal diseases than cavities. Periodontal diseases are caused by plaque, a colorless film that sticks to your teeth. If plaque is not routinely removed, it will harden into a rough substance known as calculus, or tartar. It is necessary to brush and floss daily to remove bacterial plaque and help prevent periodontal disease.
Other Important Factors Affecting the Health of Your Gums Include:
- Poor nutrition
- Clenching and grinding teeth
Periodontal disease may cause red, swollen gums that bleed. If left untreated, these gums may separate from the teeth and the supporting gum tissue and bone may deteriorate. This can lead to tooth loss
The bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that hold teeth in place deteriorate, leading to tooth loss.
Preventing Gum Disease
A proper oral hygiene routine combined with regular exams and cleanings is the best way to prevent periodontal diseases. Once it starts, however, you must get professional treatment to stop it from progressing.